IP 协议号汇总

Decimal Keyword Protocol OSI Layer References
0 HOPOPT IPv6 Hop-by-Hop Option(IPv6 逐跳选项) [RFC1883]
1 ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol(Internet 消息控制协议) [RFC792]
2 IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol(Internet 组管理协议) [RFC1112]
3 GGP Gateway to Gateway Protocol(网关对网关) [RFC823]
4 IP IP in IP(encapsulation)(被IP协议封装的IP) [RFC2003]
5 ST Stream [RFC1190,RFC1819]
6 TCP Transmission Control Protocol(传输控制协议) 网络层 [RFC793]
7 CBT CBT [Ballardie]
8 EGP Exterior Gateway Protocol(外部网关协议) [RFC888,DLM1]
9 IGP any private interior gateway(used by Cisco for their IGRP)
(任何专用内部网关,思科将其用于IGRP)
[IANA]
10 BBN-RCC-MON BBN RCC Monitoring [SGC]
11 NVP-II Network Voice Protocol(网络语音协议) [RFC741,SC3]
12 PUP PUP [PUP,XEROX]
13 ARGUS ARGUS [RWS4]
14 EMCON EMCON [BN7]
15 XNET Cross Net Debugger(跨网调试器) [IEN158,JFH2]
16 CHAOS Chaos [NC3]
17 UDP User Datagram Protocol(用户数据报协议) 网络层 [RFC768,JBP]
18 MUX Multiplexing(多路复用) [IEN90,JBP]
19 DCN-MEAS DCN Measurement Subsystems(DCN 测量子系统) [DLM1]
20 HMP Host Monitoring(主机监视) [RFC869,RH6]
21 PRM Packet Radio Measurement(数据包无线测量) [ZSU]
22 XNS-IDP XEROX NS IDP [ETHERNET,XEROX]
23 TRUNK-1 Trunk-1 [BWB6]
24  TRUNK-2 Trunk-2 [BWB6]
25 LEAF-1 Leaf-1 [BWB6]
26 LEAF-2 Leaf-2 [BWB6]
27 RDP Reliable Data Protocol(可靠数据协议) [RFC908,RH6]
28 IRTP Internet Reliable Transaction(Internet 可靠事务) [RFC938,TXM]
29 ISO-TP4 ISO Transport Protocol Class 4(ISO 传输协议第 4 类) [RFC905,RC77]
30 NETBLT Bulk Data Transfer Protocol(批量数据传输协议)  [RFC969,DDC1]
31 MFE-NSP MFE Network Services Protocol(MFE 网络服务协议)  [MFENET,BCH2]
32 MERIT-INP MERIT Internodal Protocol(MERIT 节点间协议)  [HWB]
33 DCCP Datagram Congestion Control Protocol(数据报拥塞控制协议)
34 3PC  Third Party Connect Protocol(第三方连接协议)  [SAF3]
35  IDPR  Inter-Domain Policy Routing Protocol(域间策略路由协议) [MXS1]
36 XTP XTP  [GXC]
37 DDP  Datagram Delivery Protocol(数据报传送协议)  [WXC]
38 IDPR-CMTP IDPR Control Message Transport Proto(IDPR 控制消息传输协议) [MXS1]
39 TP++ TP++ Transport Protocol(TP++ 传输协议) [DXF]
40 IL IL Transport Protocol(IL 传输协议) [Presotto]
41 IPv6 IPv6 [Deering]
42 SDRP Source Demand Routing Protocol(源要求路由协议) [DXE1]
43 IPv6-Route Routing Header for IPv6(IPv6 的路由标头) [Deering]
44 IPv6-Frag Fragment Header for IPv6(IPv6 的片断标头) [Deering]
45  IDRP Inter-Domain Routing Protocol(域间路由选择协议) [Sue Hares]
46  RSVP Resource Reservation Protocol(资源预留协议) [Bob Braden]
47  GRE Generic Routing Encapsulation(通用路由封装) [Tony Li]
48 MHRP Mobile Host Routing Protocol(移动主机路由协议) [David Johnson]
49 BNA BNA [Gary Salamon]
50 ESP Encap Security Payload(IPv6 的封装安全负载) [RFC2406]
51 AH Authentication Header(IPv6 的身份验证标头) [RFC2402]
52 I-NLSP Integrated Net Layer Security TUBA(集成网络层安全性  TUBA) [GLENN]
53 SWIPE IP with Encryption(采用加密的 IP) [JI6]
54 NARP / NHRP[1] NBMA Address Resolution Protocol(NARP,NBMA 地址解析协议)、NBMA Next Hop Resolution Protocol(NHRP,NBMA下一跳解析协议) [RFC1735,RFC2332]
55 MOBILE IP Mobility [Perkins]
56 TLSP Transport Layer Security Protocol
using Kryptonet key management(传输层安全协议,使用 Kryptonet 密钥管理)
传输层 [Oberg]
57 SKIP SKIP [Markson]
58 IPv6-ICMP ICMP for IPv6(用于 IPv6 的 ICMP) [RFC1883]
59 IPv6-NoNxt No Next Header for IPv6(用于 IPv6 的无下一个标头) [RFC1883]
60 IPv6-Opts Destination Options for IPv6(IPv6 的目标选项) [RFC1883]
61  any host internal protocol(任意主机内部协议) [IANA]
62 CFTP CFTP [CFTP,HCF2]
63 any local network(任意本地网络) [IANA]
64 SAT-EXPAK SATNET and Backroom EXPAK [SHB]
65 KRYPTOLAN Kryptolan [PXL1]
66 RVD MIT Remote Virtual Disk Protocol(MIT 远程虚拟磁盘协议) [MBG]
67 IPPC Internet Pluribus Packet Core(Internet Pluribus 数据包核心) [SHB]
68 any distributed file system(任意分布式文件系统) [IANA]
69 SAT-MON SATNET Monitoring [SHB]
70 VISA VISA Protocol [GXT1]
71 IPCV Internet Packet Core Utility(Internet 数据包核心工具) [SHB]
72 CPNX Computer Protocol Network Executive(计算机协议网络管理) [DXM2]
73 CPHB Computer Protocol Heart Beat(计算机协议检测信号) [DXM2]
74 WSN Wang Span Network [VXD]
75 PVP Packet Video Protocol(数据包视频协议) [SC3]
76 BR-SAT-MON Backroom SATNET Monitoring [SHB]
77 SUN-ND SUN ND PROTOCOL-Temporary [WM3]
78 WB-MON WIDEBAND Monitoring [SHB]
79 WB-EXPAK WIDEBAND EXPAK [SHB]
80 ISO-IP ISO Internet Protocol(ISO Internet 协议) [MTR]
81 VMTP VMTP [DRC3]
82 SECURE-VMTP SECURE-VMTP [DRC3]
83 VINES VINES [BXH]
84 TTP TTP [JXS]
85 NSFNET-IGP NSFNET-IGP [HWB]
86 DGP Dissimilar Gateway Protocol(异类网关协议) [DGP,ML109]
87 TCF TCF [GAL5]
88  IGRP Cisco Internet Gateway Routing Protocol(思科Internet网关路由选择协议) 传输层 [CISCO,GXS]
89  OSPF Open Shortest Path First(开放式最短路径优先) 网络层 [RFC1583,JTM4]
90 Sprite-RPC Sprite RPC Protocol [SPRITE,BXW]
91 LARP Locus Address Resolution Protocol(轨迹地址解析协议) [BXH]
92 MTP Multicast Transport Protocol(多播传输协议) [SXA]
93 AX.25 AX.25 Frames [BK29]
94 IPIP IP-within-IP Encapsulation Protocol [JI6]
95 MICP Mobile Internetworking Control Pro.(移动互联控制协议) [JI6]
96 SCC-SP Semaphore Communications Sec. Pro.(信号通讯安全协议) [HXH]
97 ETHERIP Ethernet-within-IP Encapsulation [RFC3378]
98 ENCAP Encapsulation Header(封装标头) [RFC1241,RXB3]
99 any private encryption scheme(任意专用加密方案) [IANA]
100 GMTP GMTP [RXB5]
101 IFMP Ipsilon Flow Management Protocol(Ipsilon 流量管理协议) [Hinden]
102 PNNI PNNI over IP [Callon]
103 PIM Protocol Independent Multicast(独立于协议的多播) [Farinacci]
104 ARIS ARIS [Feldman]
105 SCPS SCPS [Durst]
106 QNX QNX [Hunter]
107 A/N Active Networks [Braden]
108 IPComp IP Payload Compression Protocol(IP 负载压缩协议) [RFC2393]
109 SNP Sitara Networks Protocol(Sitara 网络协议) [Sridhar]
110 Compaq-Peer Compaq Peer Protocol(Compaq 对等协议) [Volpe]
111 IPX-in-IP IPX in IP [Lee]
112 VRRP Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol(虚拟路由器冗余协议) [RFC3768]
113 PGM PGM Reliable Transport Protocol(PGM 可靠传输协议) [Speakman]
114 any 0-hop protocol(任意 0 跳协议) [IANA]
115 L2TP Layer Two Tunneling Protocol(第二层隧道协议) [Aboba]
116 DDX D-II Data Exchange (DDX) [Worley]
117 IATP Interactive Agent Transfer Protocol(交互式代理传输协议) [Murphy]
118 STP Schedule Transfer Protocol(计划传输协议) [JMP]
119 SRP SpectraLink Radio Protocol(SpectraLink 无线协议) [Hamilton]
120 UTI UTI [Lothberg]
121 SMP Simple Message Protocol(简单邮件协议) [Ekblad]
122 SM SM [Crowcroft]
123 PTP Performance Transparency Protocol(性能透明协议) [Welzl]
124 ISIS over IPv4 ISIS over IPv4 [Przygienda]
125 FIRE FIRE [Partridge]
126 CRTP Combat Radio Transport Protocol( Combat 无线传输协议) [Sautter]
127 CRUDP Combat Radio User Datagram(Combat 无线用户数据报) [Sautter]
128 SSCOPMCE SSCOPMCE [Waber]
129 IPLT IPLT [Hollbach]
130 SPS Secure Packet Shield(安全数据包防护) [McIntosh]
131 PIPE Private IP Encapsulation within IP [Petri]
132 SCTP Stream Control Transmission Protocol(流控制传输协议) [Stewart]
133 FC Fibre Channel(光纤通道) [Rajagopal]
134 RSVP-E2E-IGNORE RSVP-E2E-IGNORE [RFC3175]
135 Mobility Header Mobility Header [RFC3775]
136 UDPLite UDPLite [RFC3828]
137 MPLS-in-IP MPLS-in-IP [RFC4023]
138
~ 252
Unassigned Unassigned  [IANA]
253 Use for experimentation and testing [RFC3692]
254 Use for experimentation and testing [RFC3692]
255 Reserved Reserved(保留) [IANA]

注释:

[1] IP 协议号为 54 的协议确实是 NARP 的,同时也是 NHRP 的。

如果你看《TCP / IP路由技术(第一卷)(第二版)》的第 10 页,你会看到书上说 IP 协议号为 54 的协议是 NBMA 下一跳解析协议(NHRP)。

同时我查阅了 NBMA 地址解析协议(NARP)的 RFC1735 文档,其中有一句话:

4. Packet Formats

   NARP requests and replies are carried in IP packets as protocol type
   54.  This section describes the packet formats of NARP requests and
   replies:

......

所以我很确定 IP 协议号为 54 的协议是 NARP 。

同时我也查阅了 NHRP 的 RFC2332 文档,文档中开头说到 NHRP 是 NARP 的超集(NHRP 包含 NARP,但 NHRP 不仅仅只有 NARP)。

This document is intended to be a functional superset of the NBMA
   Address Resolution Protocol (NARP) documented in [1].
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